Recently, I saw a female movie “desert flower” about female genital mutilation in Somalia. This movie is based on the bestselling novel by Waris Dirie, who was circumcised in 5 years old. It really made me into deep grief, especially at last scene Waris cried in the speech, I can’t stop crying. Female genital mutilation has been practiced in some form or other for several thousand years. Today this horrible tradition is still practiced in many countries around the world today – by both by Moslems and Christians. According to records kept by the United Nations more than 6000 girls become victims of this heinous crime every day.
The causes of female genital mutilation include a mix of cultural, religious and social factors within families and communities. It is a very older phenomenon. FGM is considered by its practitioners to be an essential part of raising a girl properly—girls are regarded as having been cleansed by the removal of "male" body parts. It ensures pre-marital virginity and inhibits extra-marital sex, because it reduces women's libido. Women fear the pain of re-opening the vagina, and are afraid of being discovered if it is opened illicitly.
Actually, this is my second time to talk about female genital mutilation. I asked Beverly about her opinion of female circumcision, but she let me down again. She told me many of the women have sexual pleasure and orgasm after female genital mutilation. OMFG, I don’t know how many bombs I need to put into her ears to wake her up. If we want to figure out the FGM, we must talk about MGM, Circumcision and Castration together, because people are deceived by the similar definition.
1, FGMFemale genital mutilation (FGM) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons." The WHO has offered four classifications of FGM. (From Wiki)
Type I: removal of the clitoral hood, almost invariably accompanied by removal of the clitoris itself (clitoridectomy).
Type II: removal of the clitoris and inner labia.
Type III (infibulation): removal of all or part of the inner and outer labia, and usually the clitoris, and the fusion of the wound, leaving a small hole for the passage of urine and menstrual blood—the fused wound is opened for intercourse and childbirth.
Type IV: several miscellaneous acts are categorized as Type IV. These range from a symbolic pricking or piercing of the clitoris or labia, to cauterization of the clitoris, cutting into the vagina to widen it (gishiri cutting), and introducing corrosive substances to tighten it.
In my short opinion, FGM is a removal of the clitoris and some other things.
Around 85 percent of women who undergo FGM experience Types I and II, and 15 percent Type III, though Type III is the most common procedure in several countries, including Sudan, Somalia, and Djibouti.
Male genital mutilation (MGM), often referred to as 'male circumcision', comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external male genitalia or other injury to the male genital organs whether for cultural, religious or other non-therapeutic reasons. (From Wiki)
Types of MGM
Type I - excision or injury of part or all of the skin and specialized mucosal tissues of the penis including the prepuce and frenulum (circumcision, dorsal slit without closure).Type II - excision or injury to the glans (glandectomy) and/or penis shaft, (penectomy) along with Type I MGM. Any procedure that interferes with reproductive or sexual function in the adult male.
Type III - excision or destruction of the testes (castration, orchidectomy) with or without Type II MGM.
Type IV - unclassified: includes pricking, piercing or incision of the prepuce, glans, scrotum or other genital tissue; cutting and suturing of the prepuce over the glans (infibulation); slitting open the urethra along the ventral surface of the penis (sub-incision); slitting open the foreskin along its dorsal surface (super-incision); severing the frenulum; stripping the skin from the shaft of the penis; introducing corrosive or scalding substances onto the genital area; any other procedure which falls under the definition of MGM given above.
The most common type of male genital mutilation is excision of the foreskin (circumcision), accounting for the vast majority of all cases; the most extreme form is excision or destruction of the testes (castration), which constitutes a small percentage of all procedures.
Let us have a look at male circumcision.
Male circumcision (from Latin circumcidere, meaning "to cut around") is the surgical removal of the foreskin (prepuce) from the human penis. In a typical procedure, the foreskin is opened and then separated from the glans after inspection. The circumcision device (if used) is placed, and then the foreskin is removed. Topical or locally injected anesthesia may be used to reduce pain and physiologic stress. For adults, general anesthesia is an option, and the procedure is often performed without a specialized circumcision device. Circumcision may be indicated for both therapeutic and prophylactic reasons. It is a treatment option for phimosis, balanoposthitis, and chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs). (From Wiki)
In my opinion, we should distinguish circumcision from genital mutilation. Genital mutilation, whatever for female or male, is very different from circumcision essentially, but people are just confused by the two different conception. In short, circumcision is just the removal of some skin of glans or clitoris, but genital mutilation is the removal of the main genital body.
First start from male, then expand to female. Male Circumcision is just a removal of the foreskin which glans covered by, in order to let glans exposed to the air, but male genital mutilation is cutting the male main body, such as testis or whole penis or glans. In my idea, genital mutilation is totally castration, whatever for female or male. Next we must have a look at castration.
Castration (also referred to as gelding, neutering, fixing, orchiectomy, oophorectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which a male loses the functions of the testicles or a female loses the functions of the ovaries. (From Wiki)
The practice of castration has its roots before recorded human history. In ancient times, castration often involved the total removal of all the male genitalia. This involved great danger of death due to bleeding or infection and, in some states, such as the Byzantine Empire, was seen as the same as a death sentence. Removal of only the testicles had much less risk.
In my short opinion, male castration is a removal testicles, or whole genitalia.
In recent years, due to too many sexual crimes happened, the chemical castration drew people's attention.
Chemical castration is the administration of medication designed to reduce libido and sexual activity. Unlike surgical castration, where the testicles or ovaries are removed through an incision in the body, chemical castration does not actually castrate the person, nor is it a form of sterilization. When used on men, these drugs can reduce sex drive, compulsive sexual fantasies, and capacity for sexual arousal. Chemical castration is generally considered reversible when treatment is discontinued.
Next, we look at their sex ability, according to some researches, some are cut off the testicles, some are chemical castrated, and some are cut off the whole penis.
At first, a man who has been castrated will still have a sexual urge. Over time, however, because he's no longer producing testosterone, he'll lose much of his libido or sexual desire. Medications can readjust the chemicals in his blood and bring back some sexual desire. Studies have also been done that show with increased stimulation, a castrated man can actually get an erection, have sex, and orgasm (although ejaculate which would be minimal in volume and not contain any sperm). According to one study from the 1960s of about 1,000 German sex offenders who had been castrated, 65 percent men immediately felt their libido plummet, but 18 percent were able to have sex 20 years later.
A man who has been chemical castrated said that “The only prospective I can give is long term chemical castration. My hormones are at castrate levels. I can still get an erection and ejaculate. But it's much more up to her, and being with her. There's no interest in an erection when I'm alone. I can only have 'normal sex' once or twice a week. This all varies from male to male. In a large percentage of men the ability to have an erection is gone after 1 to 5 years; in some its matter of days. The younger you are when your castrated the more likely you are to be able to perform the following years unless you were castrated before puberty.”
In my short opinion, the purpose of castration, whatever removal testicles or chemical castration, is to prevent sex hormone secretion in male body, in order to reduce male libido or sexual desire, but male also can get an erection, have sex, and orgasm. What if the penis is cut off? Do you hear someone who is cut off penis can get orgasm? Of course not. So the key important problem is, in biology, female clitoris and male penis are homologous.
You don’t believe eunuchs in Chinese old history can orgasm, do you? Frankly speaking, cutting female clitoris is as same as cutting male penis. Maybe female have sex desire, because the ovary is still there which also can release sex hormones, but female have to suffer much more sex torture than eunuchs. You can imagine that you just cut penis from a male, and left two testicles which continue to produce large amounts of sex hormones, but he had no way to release his strong sex desire, how much pain he would suffer! So you can understand why several researchers have written that FGM does not necessarily destroy sexual desire in women, just let them living death.
In essence, FGM is making women to be female eunuchs. I have to admire that person with so sinister intention who invented FGM thousands of years ago. If we say that cutting the testicles in males is because we should reduce the male libido, and cutting testicles and penis, like Chinese eunuchs, at the same time is because we should eliminate male libido and orgasm ability from the roots together, we have to say that only cutting female clitoris, while remaining ovary is because we just need incomplete woman who never can get shudder of climax, and only to be male sex slaves and reproductive tool willingly. In order to seem fair, they concocted MC, so women achieve psychological balance, and deceived by such selfish and shameless behavior. How vicious intentions! Unfortunately, some fueled people concoct that the women should and must get orgasm through vagina under the name of sciences. Here is a paradox in logic. How should we define the Rape, if women can get orgasm through the vagina? You can imagine that I am a male, and I am very very good at penetration on female vagina. Does that mean I can rape any woman I want, because I can give every woman orgasm through my best penetration? Any sense of feeling is from within, and it is stupid to depend on others’ alms. John Stuart Mill said that “women are actually worse in their conditions than slaves, because men expect women even love, rather than just obedience, at least from slaves they don’t expect love.” Historically, the first mention of male and female circumcision appears in the writings by the Greek geographer Strabo, who visited Egypt around 25 BC. Look at these countries with cradle of civilization, like Ancient Egypt, India, Babylon and China, who ever had glorification of the past history, today they still use the ignorance and lies to strengthen authoritarian ruling, their vulnerable old civilization is already far behind of modern west civilization now.
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. Stay with us, lord. I like the words in “Deep Blue Sea” very much.